Impact of Central Bank Actions Subdued by Threat of Fiscal Cliff
The U.S. recovery still marches along, following more of a rollercoaster trajectory rather than a straight line. The summer slowdown that started in May looked like the start of a double-dip recession to many analysts, only to post improving job and retail sales data in July, followed by disappointing job numbers in August. We have long taken the position that monthly vital signs will remain volatile as long as a high degree of global uncertainty persists. Despite massive improvements in key economic fundamentals since the end of the Great Recession, corporate and consumer attitudes have been tainted by macro concerns, particularly the European debt crisis and the fear that they may erupt into another shock.
Thus far, major shocks on both sides of Atlantic have been averted, but a lackluster recovery persists. At least a moderate turn for the better may be on the horizon as the European Union finally announced a broad “back stop” to its debt crisis by committing to buy government bonds for its hardest hit nations. This will lower borrowing costs and give these ailing economies more time to get finances in order, which in turn should keep Europe’s recession from worsening. At the same time, the Federal Reserve’s commitment to keeping U.S. interest rates low for an even longer period of time and its willingness to do more to improve recovery momentum could be another break in the macro clouds. If in addition to its recent QE3 announcement to keep interest rates low for an extended period, the Fed takes certain steps to increase the velocity of capital, these actions could have a more direct impact on the recovery. The next few months’ job numbers would likely improve as a result of these accommodative messages and moves, following the stock market’s recent positive sentiment. However, a bigger fear is the uncertainty regarding the “fiscal cliff,” which consists of the expiration of Bush-era tax cuts and automatic spending cuts scheduled to take effect in January of 2013. If not extended, these measures would deliver a one-two punch to a fragile recovery to the tune of 5 percent of GDP. The election outcome and Washington’s handling of this looming turn will likely keep a lid on much market-driven improvement in the recovery for the next several months. Therefore, the improvement in hiring will likely be limited for the next few months.
Commercial real estate investors should cheer the recovery’s resilience against so many challenges. After all, we have added more than four million jobs in the last 24 months, occupancies in all property sectors are edging higher, construction remains subdued, interest rates remain at or near all-time lows, and plenty of debt is available in the market place. These factors and commercial real estate’s competitive yields will continue to attract capital into the sector. At the same time, investors need to recognize that the absence of a short-term catalyst against the headwinds means more of the same gradual recovery for the next two to three quarters. The game changer would be Washington breaking with the past and acting decisively to postpone or lower the negative impact of the fiscal cliff. This action, on the heels of the EU’s apparent commitment to save the euro and fight its recession, as well as the Fed’s “ready-to-act” attitude, would substantially reduce the macro headwinds and enable a more aggressive, organic recovery to unfold. Either way, commercial real estate will remain a favored investment alternative.
The Fed’s QE3 will have a direct impact on commercial real estate investments, which we will address in next week’s blog.
Hessam Nadji is senior vice president and managing director of Marcus & Millichap Real Estate Investment Services. He is also managing director of Institutional Property Advisors, Marcus & Millichap’s special division designed to serve the unique needs of institutional and major private multifamily investors. Contact him at email@example.com.
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About Marcus & Millichap
Since 1971, Marcus & Millichap has been the premier provider of commercial real estate investment services. Through the depth of its local market knowledge, the firm has established itself as a leading investment real estate company with more than 1,300 agents throughout the U.S. and Canada. The firm recently formed Institutional Property Advisors (IPA), a brokerage division serving the unique needs of major and private institutional investors.