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Los AngelesThe latest UCLA Anderson Forecast estimates economic growth will slow down for the next two years. The report predicts that economic growth—which has averaged a slow-and-steady 3% this cycle—will slow to 2% in 2019 and 1% in 2020. Additionally, there are several risks that could cause instability in the economy, increasing the possibility for a recession. Despite the slow down in economic growth, next year will be the longest recovery in history.

“Recessions don’t end because they get old, and recoveries don’t wear out,” Jerry Nickelsburg, senior economist at UCLA Anderson Forecast, tells GlobeSt.com about why the recovery has been so long. “Recoveries end because there are imbalances that build up in the economy until they need correction. By that I mean, you have too much labor and too much capital in a sector that is no longer has the demand that it previously had, or too little in another sector that has growing demand. The way that is corrected it through recession and unemployment of labor and capital. In part because this has been a slow recovery, those imbalances have corrected themselves on-by-one.”

The slow growth in the labor force, thanks to aging demographics and a reduced immigration rate, and flat technology adoption have fueled slow economic growth this cycle. There are also additional pressures on the economy as well, including the trade disputes, rising interest rates and an unsustainable federal deficit. “The data that we have do not indicate imbalances that would cause a recession,” adds Nickelsburg. “We haven’t seen big imbalances yet, but some are starting to build up. There are risks, and one of the biggest is the risk of trade interruption. If we get trade interruption, then we have a sector that is out of balance. That is the kind of imbalance that would certainly trigger slower growth. Will it trigger negative growth? It remains to be seen how severe that is.”

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Kelsi Maree Borland

Kelsi Maree Borland is a freelance journalist and magazine writer based in Los Angeles, California. For more than 5 years, she has extensively reported on the commercial real estate industry, covering major deals across all commercial asset classes, investment strategy and capital markets trends, market commentary, economic trends and new technologies disrupting and revolutionizing the industry. Her work appears daily on GlobeSt.com and regularly in Real Estate Forum Magazine. As a magazine writer, she covers lifestyle and travel trends. Her work has appeared in Angeleno, Los Angeles Magazine, Travel and Leisure and more.

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